MechSE faculty lead new Center for Autonomy
From self-driving cars to intelligent robotic assistants to remote surgical systems, autonomous technology will revolutionize the way we live, work, and play. In order to enable this revolution, however, advancements in foundational research and workforce development must first take place to provide assured and certified-safe performance.
The University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign has allocated $2.1 million in funds to create a new Center for Autonomy that will enable high-impact research and develop new educational programs for students and professionals. The Center will play an important role in designing innovative systems that can function autonomously, or without human intervention, in a safe and reliable way. In addition, the College of Engineering is providing a $2.1 million match to recruit new faculty in robotics to continue growing expertise at Illinois.
“We have achieved some measure of autonomy already,” said Center Director Geir E. Dullerud, the W. Grafton and Lillian B. Wilkins Professor of Mechanical Science and Engineering and a Coordinated Science Lab researcher. “However, there’s a difference between a self-driving car that works most of this time and a self-driving car that works all of the time. When it comes to safety-critical activities, we need to be assured that autonomous systems will function in the intended way.”
Experimental space for autonomy and robotics research is set to increase four-fold with the creation of the Center, with the goal of applying fundamental theoretical advances to applications of the future.
The Center’s research team includes several other MechSE faculty members, including Andrew Alleyne, Naira Hovakimyan, Amy LaViers, Tonghun Lee, Prashant Mehta, Hae-Won Park, Srinivasa Salapaka, Matt West, and Aimy Wissa.
“MechSE has a central role to play in developing the engineering and science of current and future autonomous and robotic systems, which do and will rely on a cross-cutting interplay between the physical, mathematical and computing sciences,” Dullerud said.
The Center for Autonomy’s researchers are already pursuing distributed autonomous and robotic trustworthy systems (DARTS) for applications that are important to humanity and our economy, such as the farm of the future, information-rich IoT-driven autonomous manufacturing floors, and defensive systems that bring humans and robots together in operational teams that are unparalleled in their capacity to defend our nation. As part of this process, researchers will advance knowledge in artificial intelligence, robotics, digital hardware, and communications.
The Center will also galvanize thinking on many critical issues associated with autonomous systems, such as:
- Exploring the ethical considerations of using autonomous systems and the value judgements that these machines will make, potentially without human intervention,
- Expanding and modifying the law, business, and labor models to deal with such systems in the public domain and workplace,
- And understanding the psychological impact of these developments on humanity.
In addition to research, the Center will develop new degree programs in autonomy and robotics, which would help prepare the next generation of students to tackle critical problems in this field. The first effort will be a master’s degree that will help students develop a holistic view of the issues pertinent to autonomous systems. There will also be opportunities for individuals to further focus on business, societal, and ethical dimensions. Dullerud and his colleagues plan to develop specialization certificates that would tackle similar issues.
The Center for Autonomy will continue the excellence that Illinois has claimed in this area for years. For example, the University was recently named No. 1 in Automation & Control by the Shanghai Ranking Consultancy’s Academic Ranking of World Universities.
The Center is funded through the competitive Investment for Growth program, sponsored by the Provost’s office.
“Beyond our world-renowned research and contributions to control, autonomous systems, IoT, and Big Data analytics, it is the excellence and breadth of our community’s interest in human-centric innovations and applications of technology that make us stand out,” said Provost Andreas Cangellaris.
“Illinois will advance this field for the benefit of humanity and society in the coming decades.”